Criteriums are one of the purest, most representative forms of Professional Road Racing in America. They are raw, ambitious and wonderful to spectate. This project is about what they are and why they matter.
—Dylan Seguin, TCB Cycling Manager
Manual for Speed began—five years ago—as creative brief or treatment, the working title of which was Domestic. Because our opinion was (and is) that cycling was more than sport, that it transcended sport, that racing was more than simply a near-heroic physical/mental/spiritual competition (fight!) to the almost-death in the streets, at the feet of the public. Because we believed that, we wanted to prove it. The best and only way for us to prove that was to photograph it and write about it and think about it—to document it. And while 86% of fans and media—according to GALLUP—around the world were (and continue to be) pre-occupied with World Tour or "European" Racing for the all the obvious sexy, romantical reasons, reasons like three decades of cheap, widely available posters featuring black and white dudes riding dirt roads through mid-summer snowbanks; all the many French, Italian and Belgian sexy place names, e.g. Galibier, Tre Cime Di Lavaredo, Ronde De Vlaanderen (respectively); oh and the Country Colors! and the Alps! and the Dolomites! and the wide-angle switchbacks!, as well as all the coffee table books and monument descriptions and category climb statistics and foggy-cobble-misty hill-top-cross-postcards and all the documentaries about Merckx and Cipollini and Ulrich, because of all that, we wanted to do something else. Something just as real and/or even maybe more real. Something raw and savage. Something bright and loud. Something fast and trashy. Something here and us. Something called Domestic; a documentary about criteriums (crits, son!), journeyman & privateers and the Saturday Night Streets of small town America.
And for two years, with support from Castelli and Team Exergy (R.I.P), we kinda did that. But not really.
Years later, with continued BIG TIME™ support from Castelli and now with help from Team CLIF Bar Cycling, Manual for Speed is once again committed to taking a studied and semi-comprehensive look at Domestic racing. In particular, criteriums. While criteriums and criterium-like races are held all over the world, they are, by all accounts, a uniquely American expression and/or manifestation of professional cycling. Clearly NASCAR is to car racing (in America) as Rodeo is to horse sport (in America) as crits are to bike racing (in America), it's just how we do shit: fast and rowdy.
If we had the time and money to properly research the history of criteriums in America (we don't), we'd likely discover their popularity has everything to do with the fact that Americans don't care—pretty much at all—about cycling. Deductive reasoning is free and it tells us this; because we don't care about cycling as a society/culture/people we patently refuse to let it (bike stuff) interfere with our lives and/or, more importantly, interrupt our traffic. Cars and roads are our God Given Rights. They are inalienable and whatnot. So rolling enclosures are a no-go! But if you do your 90-minute bike tournament at night or on a weekend, and you promise crashes and sprints and amped-up unintelligible announcers and jock jams and podiums and champagne, and whooshing noises accompanied by a big blast of wind like when 18-wheelers go by, until we're all corn-dogged-out and sunburned and done partying for the night, we, the citizens of America, will let you sprint your buns off for our enjoyment.
Whatever the actual reason is, this is—in fact—how we race. And you know what, it's the purest, most unadulterated form of speed cycling has to offer, and because of that, because of the speed and the rush and whirr and the wind, it's magically visceral or viscerally magical. Whatever, it doesn't matter, it's not something you should read about and "think" about anyway, it's something you should feel by doing or watching, or both.
At any rate, we've heard stories, we've seen some things. Older guys sometimes still talk about the dudes (proper privateers) in the '80s, who drove all over America in their Honda Civics loaded with bikes and duffle bags, doing the circuit, gambling, maybe winning enough to pay for another 10 days of food and gas, maybe not. We've been to Walterboro, we've stayed in the motel next to the Cracker Barrel. We've seen and felt the blurry twilight time-lapse that is Boise. We've seen blood. We've eaten burritos in rural North Carolina at 1:01 AM. We've homestayed. We've sat in the plastic kiddie pool filled filled with lukewarm water and empty beer cans on the top of Cry Baby Hill. And we want more. We want to do it (the circuit) again, this time properly—thank you Team CLIF Bar Cycling and their sponsors CLIF Bar, Argon 18, Capo, Giro, SRAM, Speedplay, K-EDGE, HED and RedKite Composites.
What we (MFS and TCBC) really want to do is convince you that Crit Racing doesn't suck. We want you to believe us that it isn't just the Office Park thing you think it is. To that end we are producing a photographic and written documentary about criteriums in general, as well as Team CLIF Bar Cycling's Criterium Campaign, and five of the most iconic criteriums in America: Athens, Tulsa, Downer, Boise and San Rafael (the race! the town! the spectacle!) in particular.
An incomplete compendium of Criterium related facts, figures, data and trivia by Klaus
- Criterium racing began in the United States in the 1920’s, at a time when track racing was extremely popular throughout the country. The USA CRITS website refers to crit racing as "American Street Track Racing."
- Criterium racing, as a discipline, is not recognized by the UCI.
- In Belgium, the most common crit-type style of racing is a Kermesse; 3-5 euros to enter, prize money is usually 600-800 euros, the field is typically 35 to 80 deep, the races last for 120 minutes as opposed to 60-90 minutes in the US and the courses are longer.
- A list of words that rhyme with criterium are: bacterium, collyrium, delirium, imperium, psalterium and criterion.
- The root of criterium is criterion.
- "Criterium" is worth 13 points in Scrabble and 16 points in Words with Friends
- USA Cycling says that criteriums are: “The most common form of American racing”.
- One of the longest running cycling events in the US is the Harlem Crit (or Harlem Skyscraper Classic). It was founded in 1973 by David Walker, a Community Affairs Officer with NYPD’s 25th Precinct. The Skyscraper was designed to attract children to a cycling safety and racing program through the excitement of professional racing, and to offer amateur riders a chance to race in a beautiful urban setting. The race has come a long way since then and so has Harlem. Abandoned buildings and brownstones in the 70’s and 80’s have been replaced by prime Manhattan real estate.
- Athens Twilight was the first nighttime race in the US in 60 years when it started in 1980.
- John Eustice won the first two US National Crit Championships. 1982 and ’83.
- Tyler Farrar won the US championship in 2005.
- The current US Crit Champion is Eric Young from Optum-Kelly Benefit Strategies. He was also champion in 2011.
- In the early 2000s, Cannondale, then a US company, began to tailor its offerings for this kind of racing with the CAAD line. Shorter wheelbase, increased rake. Stiff, and cheap to replace in case of a crash.
- In Europe, various localities host fake, post-Tour criteriums where the local Pro gets to win, and GC riders outsprint sprinters. It's an exhibition not unlike American pro wrestling but with bikes.
- Crit racing is also part of collegiate cycling in the US.
- Circuit races are held in Belgium and the Netherlands, but there they race for points, not just for intermediate primes and a finish sprint. Their format is usually like this: every fifth lap, the first three riders get points. Points double on the final lap.
- In the '80s, grass track racing became popular in the UK and northern France. Shorter than a criterium, the soft surface allowed riders who were concerned about crashing on pavement to compete. The races were a lot like a crit but also included velodrome-style competitions; scratch races, points race, elimination, etc.
- Crits are popular in the United States in great part due to the ease of closing a small circuit, versus large or rolling closures needed for a stage race.
- Traffic concerns also influences the time of day when races are held—often at night.
- This style of racing, a circuit or lap repeated as many as 20-40 times, is also conducive to spectating as audiences are able to both stay in one place and see the racers go by multiple times.
2014 MFS Criterium Calendar
- April 25–26: AOC Athens Twilight Criterium (Part of Speedweek.)
- June 6–8: Saint Francis Tulsa Tough
- June 28: ISCorp Downer Ave. Classic (Part of the Tour of America's Dairyland.)
- July 12: Andersen Banducci Boise Twilight Criterium
- July 26: San Rafael Twilight Criterium
A Brief Retrospective of MFS Criterium Coverage
BEAUFORT MEMORIAL CYCLING CLASSIC – BEAUFORT, SC
DOWNTOWN WALTERBORO CRITERIUM – WALTERBORO, SC
TULSA TOUGH – TULSA, OK
CASCADE CYCLING CLASSIC DOWNTOWN TWILIGHT CRITERIUM – BEND, OR
REDLANDS BICYCLE CLASSIC CITY OF REDLANDS CRITERIUM – REDLANDS, CA
ELECTRIC CITY CIRCUIT RACE – ANDERSON, SC
SPARTANBURG REGIONAL CLASSIC – SPARTANBURG, SC
SANDY SPRINGS CHALLENGE – SANDY SPRINGS, GA
BOISE TWILIGHT CRITERIUM – BOISE, ID